The brave old Hendrick the great Sachem or Chief of the Mohawk Indians, one of the Six Nations now in Alliance with & Subject to the King of Great Britain.

1740?; 1701-1750
Portrait of Hendrick, a Mohawk chief, wearing European clothing and holding a necklace and hatchet or tomahawk. Includes facial tattoos.

The identity of the man in this portrait is disputed. A Mohawk named King Hendrick or Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row (born around 1677) was presented to Queen Anne in 1710 as the leader of a diplomatic delegation of three Mohawks and one Mahican. The common story has been that three decades later in 1744, this Hendrick (portrayed in this engraving) was also presented to King George II and had his portrait painted in England. Alden Vaughan argues that this engraving was of another individual than Tee Yee Neen Ho Ga Row. This portrait is of Hendrick Theyanoguin--a Mohawk known for his activities during the Indian wars of the 1740s, for his speech to the Albany Congress of 1754, and for his death at the battle of Lake George in 1755. Vaughan believes the man in this portrait never traveled to England and the painting (now lost) upon which this engraving was based was painted by an American (or perhaps itinerant English) artist in America.
Part of
En74 B169b
1.9X 1.3X
24.4 cm. x 35.3 cm.

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